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Comorbidity Library

  • Why and How to Be a Therapist for the Intellectually Disabled
    For many, many years, people believed that people with intellectual disability (ID) could not have mental ...
  • Comorbid Movement and Psychiatric Disorders
    Movement and psychiatric disorders are frequently comorbid. When they are, movement abnormalities and psychiatric symptoms often overlap and exacerbate one another. For example, in depressed patients with Parkinson disease (PD), bradykinesia and psychomotor slowing can present similarly and tremor and motor “freezing” can be worsened by anxiety.
  • Treatment Implications for Comorbid Diabetes Mellitus and Depression
    Major depression and type 2 diabetes mellitus are common chronic illnesses within the general US population, with prevalence rates of approximately 5% to 10% and 11%, respectively.1,2 Moreover, depression and type 2 diabetes mellitus, individually, can be among the most disabling chronic disorders one can acquire, and when they occur comorbidly, they are even more detrimental. Together they exhibit a bidirectional relationship, with each disease an independent risk factor for development of the other.
  • Migraine and Psychiatric Comorbidity: Diagnostic and Treatment Issues
    Migraine is not a psychiatric disorder, although behavioral factors can critically influence the onset and course of headache episodes. Beginning in the 1950s, the conceptualization of migraine as a psychophysiological disorder by Wolff1 and others ultimately supplanted the earlier and purely psychogenic or psychopathological view of migraine based on psychoanalytic principles of psychosomatic medicine.
  • Psychiatric Conditions Comorbid with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and/or Fibromyalgia
    This article reviews the diagnostic criteria for both myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) (ie, chronic fatigue syndrome) and fibromyalgia (FM) and describes how to differentiate them from depressive and anxiety disorders, the psychiatric conditions with which they are most often confused.
  • Top Research Findings That Can Change Clinical Practice
    Psychiatrists and other clinical providers are under increasing pressure to stay current. With the fast growth of knowledge, the challenge to keep up with the ever-growing body of information is greater than ever. There is an emerging realization that, as clinical providers, we need help in sorting and evaluating the quality of information before we can apply it to clinical practice.
  • Psychopharmacology of Aggression and Violence in Mental Illness
    Most patients with mental illness are not violent, and when violent behavior does occur, it is usually transient.1 Nevertheless, violent behavior is a challenging problem.
  • Anxiety Disorders With Comorbid Substance Abuse
    Anxiety disorders occur in 18% to 28% of the US general population during any 12-month period.1,2 In anxiety disorder, there is a 33% to 45% 12-month prevalence rate for a comorbid substance use disorder (SUD).
  • Comorbid Depression and Alcohol Dependence
    Patients who are seen in clinical practice commonly have multiple problems, yet efficacy data often reflect treatment of a single illness. Thus, it is useful to know how standard treatment approaches need to be modified for comorbid disorders.
  • Comorbidity in Bipolar Disorder: The Complexity of Diagnosis and Treatment
    The central tenet of clinical comorbidity, the occurrence of 2 syndromes in the same patient, presupposes that they are distinct categorical entities.