When a patient in chronic pain has been referred to a psychiatrist by their PCP, the psychiatrist should consider which of the following?

A. The etiology of the pain and the possibility of an incorrect diagnosis
B. The context and impact of pain in the patient’s culture
C. Potential despair experienced by the patient in chronic pain and risk for suicide
D. All of the above

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This article originally appeared in:

Psychiatric Times

It is reprinted here with permission.