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Abuse

How to Survive Narcissistic Relatives over the Holidays

Do the holidays cause you stress as you anticipate THAT relative or THOSE relatives that you’ve concluded are narcissistic, abusive, psychopathic, or otherwise toxic? Are you trying to figure out the following with respect to family gatherings – Do I just resolve myself to say nothing and “suck it up” during my visit? Do I...

General

Gaslighting: How a Parent Can Drive a Kid Crazy

When a parent physical abuses their child, it leaves marks and outbursts of anger in the child. When they verbally abuse their child, it strips them of self-confidence and instills fear. When they sexually abuse their child, it destroys the possibility of intimacy and healthy sexuality. But when a parent mentally abuses their child by...

Abuse

The Arbitrary Rules of Narcissists

It doesn’t really matter what the “it” is to a narcissist; all that matters is that he/she can control you. When it comes to things that the narcissist in your life is going to want to scold you for or have you change, it really could be anything. The problem is, you don’t realize this...



General

8 Stages of Grieving after a Suicidal Death

Twenty years ago, my best friend took her life. She was plagued by severe bipolar and despite medication and treatment, she was unable to get better. She had a genius IQ, was beautiful, a delight to be around, a deep thinker, and obtained a by her early twenties. She was an amazing friend.  I...

ABA

Unwanted Effects of Reinforcement: The Bad Effects of a Good Intervention

Reinforcement is a highly recommended strategy in applied behavior analysis. However, it is important to consider the possible unwanted effects of reinforcement.Let’s look over a few examples of some of the potential unwanted effects of reinforcement. Examples of Unwanted Effects of Reinforcement Examples of the potential unwanted effects of using reinforcement include but is not limited to the...

ABA

What is Negative Reinforcement? Definition, 3 Types, and Examples

What is negative reinforcement? Negative reinforcement has to do with how a behavior is followed by the “removal, termination, reduction, or postponement of a stimulus” and then that behavior happens more often in the future (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2014).So, negative reinforcement like positive reinforcement, involves a behavior happening more often as a result of what happens...



General

5 Steps to Stopping Holiday Anger

Driving during the holidays requires a bit of patience, lots of control, and a sprinkle of endurance. As I was driving down the left side of the highway slightly faster than normal because I was late, suddenly someone cut me off.  I slammed on the breaks and skidded a bit almost hitting the concrete barrier....

General

6 Tips on Surviving the Holidays without a Partner

Dorothy lost her husband of 30 years this past year. She knew the holidays would be hard but didn't know they would be this difficult. Every ornament she hung reminded her of him. The cookies she baked were his favorites. Even her adult kids couldn't help but talk about what their dad would be doing....

General

7 Ways to Set Boundaries with a Dangerous Ex

“You bitch, I’m going to kill you.” Natalie’s ex-husband texted her after she refused to adjust the time sharing with their son for the holidays. It wasn’t the first time he made a threat, he did it numerous times before, mostly in person especially when he did not get his way. But this time,...

General

The Deadly Progression of Abusive Text Messages

“I know, you just have to do it like you said.” Michelle Carter at 17-years-old sent this text message to her boyfriend just before he committed suicide in 2014. It was one of many text messages that she sent encouraging him to perform the act. In 2017, she was convicted of involuntary manslaughter for her...

ABA

7 Examples of Positive Reinforcement in Everyday Situations

Positive reinforcement is a highly recommended concept that is grounded in behavioral psychology and is used regularly within applied behavior analysis services.Positive reinforcement refers to the addition of a stimulus [a reinforcer] after a particular behavior with an increase in the frequency of that behavior occurring in the future.Sometimes the concept of positive reinforcement can be...