Mechanisms to Target in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders


Barlow, D. H. (2000). Unraveling the mysteries of anxiety and its disorders from the perspective of emotion theory. American Psychologist, 55, 1247–1263.

Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.

Beck, A. T., Emery, G., & Greenberg, R. L. (1985). Anxiety disorders and phobias. New York: Basic Books.

Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., et al. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford.

Beck, J. S. (2011). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.

Carleton, R. N., Mulvogue, M. K., Thibodeau, M. A., et al. (2012). Increasingly certain about uncertainty: Intolerance of uncertainty across anxiety and depression. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 468–479.

Chorpita, B. F., & Barlow, D. H. (1998). The development of anxiety: The role of control in the early environment. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 3–21.

Clen, S. L., Mennin, D. S., & Fresco, D. M. (2011). Major depressive disorder. In A. Bernstein, M. J. Zvolensky, & A. A. Vujanovic (Eds.), Distress tolerance. New York: Guilford.

Egan, S. J., Wade, T. D., & Shafran, R. (2011). Perfectionism as a transdiagnostic process. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 203–212.

Egan, S. J., Wade, T. D., & Shafran, R. (2012). The transdiagnostic process of perfectionism. Revista de Psicopatologia y Psicologia Clinica, 17, 279–294.

Fergus, T. A., & Wu, K. D. (2010). Do symptoms of generalized anxiety and obsessive- compulsive disorder share cognitive processes? Cognitive Therapy Research, 34, 168–176.

Gentes, E. L., & Ruscio, A. M. (2011). A meta-analysis of the relation of intolerance of uncer- tainty to symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, major depressive disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 923–933.

Keough, M. E., Riccardi, C. J., Timpano, K. R., et al. (2010). Anxiety symptomatology: The association with distress tolerance and anxiety sensitivity. Behavior Therapy, 41, 567–574.

Keough, M. E., Timpano, K. R., Riccardi, C. J., et al. (2010). Suppressing the white bears interacts with anxiety sensitivity to predict mood and anxiety symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 408–413.

Koerner, N., & Dugas, M. J. (2006). A cognitive model of generalized anxiety disorder: The role of intolerance of uncertainty. In G. C. L. Davey & A. Wells (Eds.), Worry and its psychological disorders. Sussex, UK: Wiley.

Leyro, T. M., Zvolensky, M. J., & Bernstein, A. (2010). Distress tolerance and psychopatho- logical symptoms and disorders. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 576–600.

Mahoney, A. E. J., & McEvoy, P. M. (2012). A transdiagnostic examination of intolerance of uncertainty across anxiety and depressive disorders. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 41, 212–222.

Meeten, F., Dash, S. R., Scarlet, A. L. S., et al. (2012). Investigating the effect of intolerance of uncertainty on catastrophic worrying and mood. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 50, 690–698.

Naragon-Gainey, K. (2010). Meta-analysis of the relations of anxiety sensitivity to the depres- sive and anxiety disorders. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 128–150.

Obsessive Compulsive Cognitions Working Group. (2005). Psychometric validation of the Obsessive Belief Questionnaire and Interpretation of Intrusions Inventory: Part 2. Factor analyses and testing of a brief version. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 1527–1542.

Persons, J. B., Beckner, V. L., & Tompkins, M. A. (2013). Testing case formulation hypoth- eses in psychotherapy. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 20, 399–409.

Reiss, S., & McNally, R. J. (1985). Expectancy model of fear. In S. Reiss & R. R. Bootzin (Eds.), Theoretical issues in behavior therapy. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Richards, J. M., Daughters, S. B., Bornovalova, M. A., et al. (2011). Substance use disorders. In A. Bernstein, M. J. Zvolensky, & A. A. Vujanovic (Eds.), Distress tolerance. New York: Guilford.

Riley, C., Lee, M., Cooper, Z., et al. (2007). A randomized controlled trial of cognitive- behaviour therapy for clinical perfectionism. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 2221–2231.

Robichaud, M. (2013). Cognitive behavior therapy targeting intolerance of uncertainty. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 20, 251–263.

Steele, A., Waite, S., Egan, S. J., et al. (2013). Psycho-education and group cognitive- behavioural therapy for clinical perfectionism. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 41, 129–143.

Tolin, D. F., Worhunsky, P., & Maltby, N. (2006). Are “obsessive” beliefs specific to OCD? A comparison across anxiety disorders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 469–480.

Yap, K., Gibbs, A., Francis A.J.P., Schuster, S.E. (2016). Testing the Bivalent Fear of Evaluation Model of Social Anxiety: The Relationship Between Fear of Positive Evaluation, Social Anxiety, and Perfectionism. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 45, 136-149.

Anxious woman photo available from Shutterstock

Mechanisms to Target in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders