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Mounties, Cowboys & Avengers: The Cultural Script of Gun Violence


1 Friedman RA: In Gun Debate, a Misguided Focus on Mental Illness, New York Times, Dec. 17, 2012
2 Knoll JL, Meloy JR: Mass Murder and the Violent Paranoid Spectrum
Psychiatric Annals 2014;44:236-43

3 Kopel DB: Canadian gun control: should the United States look north for a solution to its firearms problem? Temple Int’l and Comparative Law Journal 1991;1-50

4 Kopel DB: The Samurai, the Mountie and the Cowboy. Prometheus Books, 1992

5 Benton-Cohen K: Even Tombstone had gun laws. Politico. Jan. 10, 2011. Accessed at:

6. Knoll J, Annas D: Mass Murder and Mental Illness. In: Gun Violence and Mental Illness. American Psychiatric Publishing, (L. Gold, Ed.) in press.

7. Gladwell M: Thresholds of Violence: How School Shootings Catch On. The New Yorker, October 19, 2015. At:

8. Twenge J, Campbell W: The Narcissism Epidemic: Living in the age of entitlement. New York, NY: Free Press, 2009.

9. Knoll JL: Mass Murder: Causes, Classification, and Prevention Psychiatr Clin N Am 35 (2012) 757–780

10. Mullen P. The autogenic (self-generated) massacre. Behav Sci Law 2004;22:
11. Pickhardt C: Teaching your adolescent about anger. Psychology Today, Feb. 18, 2013.

Other related resources and references:

 Meloy JR and Hoffmann J, eds. Int Handbook of Threat Assessment. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2014.

 Meloy J, Mohandie K, Knoll J, Hoffman J: The Concept of Identification in Threat Assessment. Beh Sci Law, 2015

 Twenge J, Campbell W, Freeman E: Generational differences in young adults’ life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1966-2009. J Pers Soc Psychol, 2012;102(5):1045-62.

 Pies R: Before the Bullets Fly, Can We Intervene With Troubled Adolescents?
Medscape Jan. 8, 2013. Accessed at:

Mounties, Cowboys & Avengers: The Cultural Script of Gun Violence

This article originally appeared in:

Psychiatric Times

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