Neglect Most Common Form of Child Abuse
More than 75% of cases of child abuse in the US involve neglect, according to a consensus report from the Institute of Medicine released in September 2013. In the report, neglect is defined as failing to provide food, clothing, adequate supervision, protection from known dangers, safe/hygienic shelter, education, medical care, or nurturing/affection. Among the risk factors identified are parental issues such as depression, personality disorder, or substance abuse; young and/or single parents; and contextual factors including poverty, violence, social isolation, and stress. Those children most at risk are ages three and younger.
Childhood neglect can lead to various long-term negative outcomes, both psychological and social, including poor social relationships and risky behavior. The report’s authors suggest a more coordinated approach to conducting child abuse research in order to better inform policy.
The study can be read at http://bit.ly/17T4sF3.
Report: 10% of high school seniors “extreme” binge drinkers
Ten percent of high school seniors report drinking more than 10 drinks at one time, and 5.6% report drinking more than 15, according to a recent study in JAMA Pediatrics (Patrick ME et al, Online First September 16, 2013). Twenty percent reporting drinking 5+ drinks in one sitting, which is the traditional definition of “binge drinking.”
These data are a result of a nationally representative sample of high school seniors gathered as part of the annual Monitoring the Future study between 2005 and 2011. Use of other substances, such as cigarettes and marijuana, predicted all three levels of excess drinking.