The British psychiatrist W. Alwyn Lishman—widely viewed as the dean of “organic psychiatry”—is quoted as saying this of psychiatry:
“You have got to have a finger in every pie in psychiatry and be ready to turn your hand to whatever is the most important avenue: an EEG one day, a bit of talking about a dream another day. You just follow your nose. All psychiatrists should be all types of psychiatrist”.
Indeed, those who practice in this spirit of pragmatic pluralism–always aiming to reduce the suffering and enhance the well-being of the patient–are the “solid center” of psychiatry.
2. Luhrmann T: Of Two Minds: An Anthroplogist Looks at American Psychiatry. New York, Vintage, 2001.
3. Kendell RE: The myth of mental illness. Chapter 1 in: Szasz Under Fire, edited by J.A. Schaler, Open Court 2004, pp. 29-48
4. Jaspers K. General Psychopathology, vol 1. Translated by J. Hoenig and MW Hamilton. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins, 1997.
5. Wiggins OP, Schwartz MA: Karl Jaspers. In: Embree L, Behnke EA, Carr D et al (editors). Encyclopedia of Phenomenology, Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1997.
6. Ghaemi SN: On the Nature of Mental Disease. The Psychiatric Humanism of Karl Jaspers. Existenz Volume 3, No 2, Fall 2008
7. Edwards SP: The Amygdala: The Body’s Alarm Circuit.
9. Kandel ER: Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis and the New Biology of Mind. Washington DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2005
10. Gabbard GO: A neurobiologically informed perspective on psychotherapy. Br J Psychiatry 2000; 177: 117-122
11. Metzl JM, Riba M: Understanding the symbolic value of medications: a brief review. Primary Psychiatry. 2003;10:45-48
12. Poole NA Interview with Professor William Alwyn Lishman. Psychiatrist 2013; 37: 343-44
For further reading:
Pies R: Can psychiatry and neurology ‘simply’ merge? [letter] BJPsych Bulletin 1 October 2015
Pies R: Clinical Manual of Psychiatric Diagnosis and Treatment: A Biopsychosocial Approach. Washington DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1994.
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