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**For some interesting comments on “Cartesian dualism” by Dr. Carroll and others, see: http://1boringoldman.com/index.php/2016/04/12/cartesian-dualism-in-appalachia/#comment-263901. Also see Dr. Glen Gabbard’s comment: “Related to this unfortunate tendency toward dichotomization is a widely held but poorly supported view of treatment: namely, that psychotherapy is a treatment for ‘psychologically based’ disorders, while ‘ biologically based’ disorders should be treated with medication.
This view is related to a Cartesian dualism that splits people into a mind and a brain. While the two constructs represent domains that have their own languages and can be separated for purposes of discussion, they are always integrated. What we call ‘mind’ can be understood as the activity of the brain…although the complexity of one’s unique subjectivity is not easily reducible to chemistry and physiology.” [ref. 9]